SRD
Stowarzyszenie Rodziny Deskurów

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Family Name - French Roots - Diaspora - Emigration to Poland - Beginnings in Poland - 20th Century

Mont Mézenc (left) and one of the "Dents du diable" (Teeth of the Devil) on the right

French Roots 

The part of the de Curtibus clan to which we can trace our lineage into the 13th century lived for centuries in the mountains of the French region of Auvergne in what today is the département of Haute-Loire. Many proudly continue to do so to this very day. The core of the clan appears to have been firmly rooted around a property known as Chantemerle near the village of Chaudeyrolles at the base of the mountain Mont Mézenc. Most were judges, officers, priests, monks and notaries but many were farmers as well.  To this day a farm house with family inscriptions that date back to the 16th century still stands at Chantemerle.



Coat of Arms

The original French coat of arms is a so-called “blason parlant”, (a speaking coat of arms). Through its imagery the coat of arms expresses the name of the family estate. It shows two singing blackbirds on a golden mountain. In French Chantmerle means a “singing blackbird” and the small mountain Mont Mézenc just behind Chantemerle, is adorned in the Spring by golden-yellow “French Broom” plants.

Reformation and migration

Around the 16th century during the religious wars that divided one branch of the family embraced Calvinism, left Chantemerle and settled in the Ardêche region. These "Descours de Beaulieu" later converted back to catholicism and it was from this line that the Polish branch of the family has its origins.

Nobility

Although we have no credible documents indicating which Descours was the first to receive French nobility one can presume that due to his titles "Bailli du Mézenc et juge à la cour" (regional governor and judge of the royal court) Rodolphe de Curtibus (1245-1310), the earliest know French de Curtibus was indeed a nobleman.  The extent of his descendants estates and their marriages to members of other noble families supports this assumption. The letters of clemency of Louis XV (see "Immigration to Poland") clearly confirm that Joachim-Jean-Pierre Descourtz, who later emigrated to Poland and his brother Jean-Pierre were both indeed noblemen. 

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